Mindfulness in the form of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is a skills-training that helps deal with physical and emotional problems by combining modern cognitive therapy techniques with ancient meditation practices.
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy grew from research in the USA by Jon Kabat-Zinn. He found that Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) was enormously empowering for patients with physical problems such as chronic pain, hypertension, and heart disease, as well as for psychological problems such as anxiety and stress.
Research showed that taking the mindfulness classes halved the risk of relapse in people who had been clinically depressed 3 or more times (sometimes for twenty years or more). Since then, further research has shown that MBCT is effective in helping people suffering from a range of emotional and other problems, such as chronic fatigue, anxiety, and panic.